You can Enjoy With Yangon One Day Tour
Yangon (also known as Rangoon, literally: "End of Strife") was a former capital of Myanmar until the capital was relocated to Naypyitaw in 2006. Yangon is the country's largest city with a population of over five million and also the most important commercial center in Myanmar. Founded as Dagon by the Mons in the early 11th century and the name Yangon was given by King Alaung Paya in 1755 after he conquered Dagon; ‘Yangon’ means ‘no more enemies or End of Strife’. Although Yangon is undeveloped compared to other major cities in Southeast Asia, it has the largest number of colonial buildings in the city center; which combined of British colonial architecture, Buddhist stupas, Hindu temples, Christian churches and Muslim mosques make it one of the most exotic and noticeable cities in Southern East Asia. The former High Court, Secretariat Buildings, St. Paul’s English High School and the Strand Hotel are excellent examples of the bygone era.
The Yangon City Development Committee made a Yangon City Heritage of old buildings and structures in the city in 1996 which cannot be modified or torn down without approval. Thant Myint U founded an NGO named The Yangon Heritage which aims to create heritage areas in Downtown and attract investors to renovate buildings for commercial use. Although most of the apartment buildings were built only within the last 20 years, but they look much older due to shoddy construction and lack of proper maintenance.
Yangon has a tropical monsoon climate and features a long rainy season from May through October where a substantial amount of rainfall is received and a dry season from November through April with little rainfall. Due to the heavy precipitation received during the rainy season that Yangon falls under the tropical monsoon climate category. During the year, average temperatures show little variance with average highs ranging from 29 to 36 °C (84 to 97 °F) and average lows ranging from 18 to 25 °C (64 to 77 °F).
Central Yangon is a relatively simple area to find your way around and pleasant enough to explore on foot. Friendly and smiling street vendors, colorful stalls, traditionally dressed people make Yangon a simple but unforgettable place. Don’t miss to visit the magnificent Shwedagon Pagoda – the jewel of Myanmar, and the Sule pagoda – the heart of Yangon, the national museum - housing the Royal Lion Throne and other treasures of the royal families, the Bogyoke market Numerous souvenirs items are sold there to be memorials of the visit Myanmar or by the scenic offerings of Kandawgyi Lake at sunset.
Pagodas in Yangon
- Shwedagon Pagoda
- Mahar Wizaya Pagoda
- Sule Pagoda
- Botahtung Pagoda
- Chaukhtatgyi Pagoda
- Kabar Aye Pagoda
- Koe Htat Gyi Pagoda
- Kyaikkalo and Kyaikkalei Pagoda
- Kyauktawgyi Pagoda
- Maelamu Pagoda
- Maha Wizaya Pagoda
- Ngar Htat Gyi Pagoda
- Kyaik Kauk Pagoda
- Kyauk Tan Ye le Paya
Recreation in Yangon
- National Race Village
- Yangon Zoological Garden
- Thanlyin and Kyaut Tan
- Taukkyan War Memorial
- Bogyoke Market (Scott's Market)
- Inya Lake (formerly Lake Victoria)
- Kandawgyi Lake (formerly Royal Lake) & Karaweik Hall
- Hlawgar Wildlife National Park
- Maharbandoola Park
- People’s Square and People’s Park
- St. Mary’s Cathedral
- Yangon University
Museums and art galleries in Yangon
- National Museum of Myanmar
- Myanmar Gems Museum
- Bogyoke Aung San Museum
- Yangon Drugs Elimination Museum
- The Planetarium
Concert halls and theatres in Yangon
- Yangon National Theater
- Myanmar Convention Center
Twin towns – sister cities
Yangon is twinned with:
- Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam (2012)
- Kunming, Yunnan, China (2008)
- Kathmandu, Nepal
- Nanning, Guangxi, China (2009)
- Yangzhou, Jiangsu, China (1997)
- Fuchu, Tokyo, Japan
- San Francisco, United States (2013)
Tour Highlights in Yangon
Shwedagon Pagoda the most popular and the highlight of any visit to Yangon. Shwe means Gold and Dagon is a former name of Yangon. It is believed to have been built nearly 2600 years ago since Buddha’s lifetime. The pagoda was only 66 feet high when it was first built but today the pagoda has a height of 326 feet and a circumference of 1420 feet at the base. The old umbrella “Htee taw” donated by King Mindon has recently been replaced with a new one which has the most valuable object on earth as it has been studded with countless gems and hundreds of thousands of pieces of jewellery donated by the public. The Shwedagon Pagoda is a great cone-shaped Buddhist monument that crowns a hill about one mile north of the Cantonment. According to some legendary tales, there are flying and turning swords that never stop which protect the pagoda from intruders; some says there are even underground tunnels that leads to Bagan and Thailand. The best times to visit are sunrise and sunset.
Maha Wizaya Pagoda almost opposite Shwedagon Paya’s southern gate, a pedestrian bridge links the Shwedagon complex with a well-proportioned Buddhist stupa built in 1980 to commemorate the unification of Theravada Buddhism in Myanmar. The king of Nepal contributed sacred relics for the Zedi’s (cediya that directive from Pali language means Pagoda which is beautiful octagonal golden stupa) relic chamber. The Maha Wizen Pagoda is always crowded with local worshippers on the Myanmar New Year day.
Sule Paya situated in the center of Yangon, across from the MTT office, the tall zedi at Sule Paya makes an excellent landmark; in fact it’s used as a milestone from which all addresses to the north are measured. Legend says it’s over 2000 years old but as with many other ancient Burmese shrines, it has been rebuilt and repaired many times over the centuries, so no one really know when it was built. In fact, Sule’s busy location seems to enhance its soulful place in daily Yangon life, and it’s a popular meeting place for many Burmese. The pagoda is said to enshrine a hair of the Buddha: its Mon name, Kyaik Athok, translates as "the pagoda where a Sacred Hair Relic is enshrined". The golden pagoda is unusual in that its octagonal shape and it is surrounded by small shops and all the familiar non-religious services such as of astrologists, palmists and so on.
Botataung Paya It is situated way downtown beside the Yangon River. The Pagoda overlooked the pleasant water front of the river.
Bo means leader and tatung means 1000 – the Botataung Paya was named after the 1000 military leaders who escorted relics of the Buddha, brought from India over 2000 years ago. On the grounds is a nat (sprit) pavilion containing images of Thurathadi (the Hindu deity Saraswati, goddess of learning and music) and Thagyamin (Indra, king of the nat) franking the thoroughly Burmese nat Bobogyi. A short walk from Botataung Paya at Botataung jetty, you can watch ferryboats and oared water taxis cross the Yangon River.
The festival of the Botahtaung pagoda is annually celebrated during the dry season. There was the weaving contest held on the precinct of the pagoda and also the contest of cooking Htamane is held every year.
Kaba Aye Paya is located on Kabar Aye Road, means “World Peace” to which this pagoda is dedicated was built in 1952 for the 1954-56 Sixth World Buddhist Synod. Myanmar people are Theravada Buddhist and are very deeply devoted to the religion. For the Sixth Buddhist Council which was held during 1954-56. The Kabar Aye Pagoda was built in dedication to the council.The 34m high stupa measures 34m around its base. The Kabar Aye Pagoda compound is a large one intended to have peace and quiet environment for the monks (Sangas) and the devotees.
Maha Pasana Guha the great cave is a totally artificial one, built close to the Kaba Aye Paya. It was here that the Sixth Buddhist Synod was held to coincide with the 2500th anniversary of the Buddha’s enlightenment. The participants at the Synod were attempting to define a definitive text for the Tripitaka. The cavern measures 139m by 113m.
Chaukhtatgyi Reclining Buddha located on Shwe Gon Taing Road, the reclining Buddha at Chaukhtatgyi is almost as large as the Reclining Buddha at Shwe Thar Hlyaung Pagoda in Bago. It’s housed in a large metal-roofed shed, only a short distance northeast beyond the Shwedagon Paya. It built in 1966 replacing the old image built in 1907 by Sir Hpo Thar. But it was suffered damage due to climate over the years. Like Ngar Htat Gyi Buddha (5-Storey-High Buddha) and Koe Htat Gyi Buddha (9-Storey-High Buddha). Chauk Htat Gyi is the 6-Storey-High Buddha Image. Fortune-tellers on the surrounding platform offer astrological and palm readings.
National Museum you can find several interesting exhibits, especially the 8m-hight Sihasana (Lion Throne), with belong to King Thibaw Min, the last Burmese king.
China town the downtown area where colonial style buildings which are heritages of architecture and you can enjoy Chinese food, Myanmar Traditional food and other snacks that are available.
Koe Htat Gyi Pagoda the nine story pagoda is another enormous Buddha Image located on Bargayar Road, Sanchaung Township, and Yangon. Koe Htat Kyi, also known as Atula Dipatti Maha Muni Thetkya Image is a 72 feet sitting image. The image was built in August 1905 in the 14 acres compound of the Bargayar monastery. The image is a. At the entrance of the hallway, there is a statue of a frog and a snake. A legend says that the frog ate the snake meaning victory and the image was built on this land.
At the other side of the image, there is a status describing the lives of Buddha. Around the pagoda are many monasteries.
The Kyaikkalo and the Kyaikkalei are the two ancient Pagodas standing on the left side of the highway running from Yangon to Bago in Mingaladon Township. Their names are with the Mon accent where yaik means pagoda. The pagodas are only a short distance away from the highway and can be seen quite clearly. Among the two pagodas, Kyaikkalo is a much larger and more prominent pagoda which overlooks the surrounding terrain. The two pagodas are landmarks to travelers going out and coming into Yangon.
The pagodas' festival is held for three days annually during Tabodwe (January/February). People from Yangon and Bago come to worship the pagodas flower, food and fruit and enjoy the festival.
Kyauktawgyi Pagoda also known as Lawka Chanthar Arbayar Laba Muni Buddha Image is located on Mindhama Hill, Mingalardon Township. Craved from the one piece of white marble rock was done in year 2000 CE which is flawless and of high quality measuring 37 feet long, 24 feet wide and 11 feet thick was found at Sakyin Hill, Madaya Township, Mandalay Division.
Within the some distance from Minn Dhamma Hill, there is an Elephant house where the three white elephants are kept. In many Asian countries including Myanmar, white elephant is regarded as a supreme royal ornament.
Maelamu Pagoda, famous for the giant images depicting Buddha’s earlier lives is located in suburban town, North Okkalapa. It has a spacious ground where visitors love to stroll around and it is known for its wonderland of spired pagodas and sculptured figures. Maelamu meaning the Maid of the Mangrove descended from a legend.
Ngar Htat Gyi Pagoda situated just across the Chauk Htat Kyi Pagoda. Ngar Htat Kyi (or) the five tiered Buddha Image is a sitting Buddha image.
In the Myanmar Historic Period Showroom, images of sandstone, cast bronze, original clay votive tablets and many items of Bagan, Pinya, Innwa, Taungoo and Nyaung Yan Period can be viewed. One can study the articles such as made of pure solid gold and decorated with gems which were displayed. Myanmar Traditional Folk Art Showroom and Myanmar Performing Arts Showroom were in the second floor.
Karaweik Hall is situated in the Kandawgyi Nature Park. Karaweik Hall is a landmark of Yangon locating in Kandawgyi (Royal) Lake. This modern architecture of a mythical creature Karaweik has 3 floors and ceremonies are held in it. This whole building was gilded with gold about 20 years ago.
People's Park is located near the Western stairways of Shwedagon Pagoda. This park is over 130 acres between Shwedagon Pagoda and the Parliament building. There is a small museum exhibiting life-size models of nationalities in their colorful dress and flora and fauna. The Restaurant serves Myanmar and European Food. Usually crowded during the weekends when people come for relaxation.
People’s Square- People's Square is also over 130 acres of land between Shwedagon Pagoda and Pyithu Hluttaw. Many National Events such as Independence Day, Union Day, and National Day are held in this place. There is a beautiful fountain with white elephants. Many plants, trees and flowers can be found in this square.
There were 3 Allied War Memorial Cemeteries in Myanmar, Htauk Kyant, Thanbyuzayat and Yangon. The Htauk Kyant War Memorial Cemetery beautifully kept ground had 27.000 stone-graves of Commonwealth and Allied Forces Fallen Soldiers in the Myanmar Campaign were honorably kept. It is located in Mingaladon Township. Yangon Division about 32 km from Yangon on the road to Bago.
Htauk Kyant was built in 1951 for the reception of graves from four battlefield cemeteries at Akyab, Mandalay, Meiktila and Sahmaw which were difficult to access and could not be maintained.
It is about 45 minutes’ drive from Yangon. This park covers 1650 acres and its big lake is the home to over 70 kinds of herbivorous animals and 90 species of birds. Flocks of migratory birds frequently visit the park. It is an ideal place for picnickers, bird-watchers, naturalists and botanists. Visitors can also have elephant rides, boating and fishing in the park.
The Zoo today is one of the center attractions in the city of Yangon for both local and international tourists. An area of 58.16 acres in downtown Yangon and close to the Great Shwe Dagon Pagoda, the zoo with its collection of nearly 200 species of animals and big shady trees draws nearly 1.5 million visitors annually. There are over 60 species of mammals, 70 species of birds and 20 species of reptiles
Thanlyin is situated at the confluence of the Yangon and Bago Rivers. To the south of Thanlyin is a ridge named Utaringa Kon, better known locally as Shin Mwe Nun Kon, on which Kyaik Khauk Pagoda stands. The colonial town of Syriam was built by the British for its port and petroleum refinery plant. Today a sleepy town, it is a 30-minute drive from downtown Yangon across a 2-kilometre bridge. Kyaik Khauk Pagoda is the main tourist attraction in Thanlyin which is built on a hillock on the road to Kyauk Tan. Continue to Kyauktan, Kyaik Mhaw Won Pagoda, you can also feed river catfish when food is thrown, they reach out to snap at it revealing their size which can reach up to one meter in length.
The Kyaik Kauk Pagoda is built on a hillock on the road to Kyauk Tan. It is an imposing golden stupa similar to the Shwe Dagon pagoda. Thanlyin formerly known as Syriam is just across the river spanned by one of the longest bridges in Myanmar. It takes a half-an-hour to reach there by car or train.
Ye Le Paya at Kyauk Tan means the pagoda in mid-stream built on river built by King Zeyasana, the seventh king of the Pada Dynasty in the third century BC. The first pagoda was only 11 feet high. The pagoda complex comprises several buildings including a monastery. Pilgrims and visitors are ferried across to the pagoda. One can feed river catfish which surface to snatch tit-bits of food thrown at them.
Getting to the area is just asking a taxi driver to take you there and if driving past they will point it out to you. By a concrete wall and barbed wire, her house with surveillance and security to prevent intrusion. There is no overt military presence since Nov 2010 and you are free to walk past the gates and take photographs.
This is the house where Bogyoke Aung San lived with his wife and three children include Aung San Su Kyi until his assassination. The house is still in original condition with many interesting items on display; his car, his library and his suits.
The grave of the last of the Mughal emperors in India, after the Indian rebellion of 1857, he was exiled to Rangoon with his wife Zeenat Mahal and some members of the family. He died in Nov 1862. .
The tombs of Queen Suphayalat; wife of Burma’s last king, nationalist and writer Thakin Kodaw Hmaing, former UN Secretary-General U Thant and Daw Aung San Suu Kyi’s mother, Khin Kyi. In 1983, the structure was bombed but it was completely rebuilt and is now much less grand than the original.
This museum displays many Burmese historical artifacts, including regalia of the last Konbaung Dynasty. It has one of the quality collections in South East Asia, containing the best of Myanmar's artistic heritage and superior craftsmanship. Photography is prohibited.
Festivals in Yangon
Botahtung Pagoda festival takes place at the beginning of January
Independence Day is January 4th
Shwedagon Pagoda Festival is one of the biggest local festivals of the year which takes place in late February or early March.
Martyr’s Day is July 19th
To find out more about festivals around Myanmar, go to Myanmar Festival.
Yangon has seen many restaurants in the last ten years and almost any type of international cuisines are available. Food in Myanmar has an amazingly wide price range; restaurants and cafes in hotels and the airport charge prices that are normal in Western countries.
List Restaurants in Yangon
999 Shan Noodle
(130B, 34th Street, Between Se Pin Street and Anawrahta Road)
Cuisine: Shan noodle, rice and tofu dishes.
Aung Thu Kha
(17-A, 1st Street, West Shwegondine, Bahan Township. 01-525194)
Danuphyu Daw Saw Yi
(S-1, U Chit Maung Housing, U Chit Maung Road. 01-553688)
Green Elephant Restaurant
(No. 33, Thirimingalar Lane, Kamayut Township. 01-537706)
Cuisine: Burmese, Thai, Chinese
(No. 27,5th Street, West Shwegondine, Bahan Township. 01-526822)
Cuisine : Burmese
La Maihson 20 Restaurant & Bar
(No 20, Kaba Aye Pagoda Road, Yankin. 01-664204)
Cuisine: Burmese, Thai, European
Khaing Khaing Kyaw
Ingyin Nwe South Indian Food Center
(Corner of Anawrahta & Bo Sun Pat Road)
(No 135, Dhamma Zedi Road, Bahan Township)
Cuisine: Thai, Asian dishes
(No 141, Seik Kan Thar St, Yangon. 09-49583618)
Cuisine: Burmese, Chinese and European
Happy Café & Noodles
(No 104-B, Inya Road, Kamayut Township. 01-536985, 01-705620)
Cuisine: Noodle dishes
The Golden Duck (Kan Taw Min)
(Kan Taw Mingalar Garden, Shwedagon Pagoda Road)
Cuisine: Chinese restaurant
(No 124, Pyidaungsu Yeiktha Street. 01-725736)
(No 85-87, Theinphyu Road. 01-295224)
Cuisine: Burmese, European and International Dish
Shan Yoe Yar
(No 169, War Dan Street, Lanmadaw Township. 01-221524)
Cuisine: Shan noodle, rice and tofu dishes.
House of Memories
(No 290, U Wisara Road, Kamayut, 01-525195, 01-534242)
Cuisine: Burmese, European and International Dish
(No 62D, U Tun Nyein Street, Mayangon Township)
Cuisine: Western dishes.
Lucky Seven Tea House
(Junction Square, Junction Mawtin, Gamone Pyint Supermarkets)
Thone Pan Hla Tea House (No 454, Mahabandoola Road)
Acacia Tea Salon
(No 52, Saya San Road. 01-554739)
Get in Yangon
International: There are direct flights to RGN from International Airlines. Please check at How to travel to Myanmar.
Domestic: The domestic terminal is very next to the international terminal. The domestic flights to Yangon from other destinations are Mandalay, Nyaung U (Bagan), Heho (Inle Lake), Keng Tong, Tachileik, Lashio, Kalay, Myitkyina, Putao, Kathaung, Dawei, Meik, and so on.
Yangon Central Railway Station
There are several train lines that connect Yangon to the rest of Myanmar. Several trains daily connect Yangon to Mandalay, Bago, Bagan, Inle Lake and so on.
Highway Bus Station (Aung Mingalar Bus Terminal) buses to Mandalay, Nyaung U, Heho, Taunggyi, Keng Tong, Tachileik, Lashio, Kalay, Myitkyina, Putao, Kawthaung, Dawei, Meik, Kalaw, Bago, Hpa-An, Mawlamyine, Pyay and so on.
Taxi is the easiest way to get around Yangon. It is customary to negotiate fares in advance.
Trishaws are more readily available in the surrounding Yangon townships. Negotiate fares in advance.
Buses are cheap, but always crowded at that cheapness. Almost all of busses signs are written in Burmese. Mostly bus will not move until enough people are falling off the sides of the bus.
Motorbikes and bicycles are not permitted within Yangon area. Foreigners on tourist visas are not permitted to drive in Myanmar.